Understanding electric guitar microphone techniques is crucial to helping you get the best recording possible. A poor guitar sound on a recording will make the entire mix sound awful as the guitar fills much of the substance typically. In a previous article, we discussed the best budget microphones, and recommended the SM57 for guitars. Using the Shure SM57 BETA with your electric guitar microphone techniques will help gain a full sound. Before just throwing an SM57 on a guitar cab, let's first go over the positioning of the microphone on the speaker.
Electric Guitar Microphone Positioning
I would suggest before even getting a microphone in a position, that you, as the producer, should stand approximately 5 to 10 feet away from the amp (depending on how big and loud the amp is). Listen to the sound of the amp as the guitarist is playing. Do you think that it needs a brighter sound, more mellow, more or less low-end? There are four primary positions of a microphone on a speaker that have very different results. Once positioning a microphone in one of these four locations around the speaker, it is wise to use very subtle movements as the sound will be greatly effected.
Bright Tone Position
position your microphone in the center of the speaker. The closer to the center, the brighter the guitar tone.
Mellow Tone Position
Position your microphone towards the outside of the speaker cone. The further away from the center of the speaker, the darker the guitar tone will be.
More/Less Bass Position
The closer the microphone is to the speaker, the more bass that will be picked up by the microphone.
Electric Guitar Microphone Techniques And The Mics to Use
Now that you know how the positioning of the microphone can alter the sound, let's add in another microphone. In most recordings I have done with electric guitar, I have used the Shure SM57 BETA paired with another microphone on the guitar cab. The SM57 is a great mic used in addition to another. (The following products contain affiliate links. This means at no cost to you, I get paid if you click through and make a purchase)
The Sennheiser MD421 has a wide frequency range, higher and lower, which make it a very useful tool for recording electric guitar. This is my personal favorite microphone to throw on a guitar amp. I have also just used the MD421 in combination with the SM57 to add more fullness when necessary. If you were to pair this mic, I suggest using the MD421 as your primary mic, then figuring out what the SM57 can add to the mix.
The AKG C414 is a condenser microphone that can almost be used on anything because it is that versatile. Due to the fact that can you change the pattern and it has a pad on it, you can also use it on your guitar to get many different sounds. Just like the MD421, the 414 is a great mic paired with the SM57.
Tips For Electric Guitar Microphone Techniques
To help avoid some further frustration that you may encounter, let's discuss some tips for getting the best sound possible for your recordings:
- Phase Cancellation: If you are going to pair two microphones together, you need to be familiar with this. Phase cancellation is when 2 microphones are picking up the same frequency but the waves are opposite of each other causing a cancellation.
- Acoustics: Be sure that the room you are recording in sounds good. That simple. You do not want to have any echo. On a budget, I would suggest to use couch cushions or other furniture to surround the amp to help you achieve the best room sound possible.
That's A Wrap
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